Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance & Control
Directorate General of Health Affairs Ministry of Health HQ, PO Box 393
PC 100, MUSCAT
Sultanate of Oman
Tel : + (968) 24601921/ 24607524
Fax : + (968) 24601832
Email : email@example.com
Healthcare Infection Prevention &Control
Healthcare has become increasingly complex and sophisticated presenting opportunities to save the lives of thousands and improving the quality of life of hundreds of thousands of patients who would not have survived three decades ago. The vast majority of patients who have access to medical services today are healed. There are some, however, who suffer unintentional consequences of care, such as healthcare associated infections (HAIs). To ensure that such life-saving care does not result in HAI, modern health care has developed an extensive system for infection prevention. Health-care-associated infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients worldwide. Infection prevention, today, is a quality standard and is essential for the well being and safety of patients, staff and visitors. It affects most departments of the health care facility and involves issues of quality, risk management, well defined clinical governance, health and safety.
An infection control program with a firm structure should exist in all institutions that provide health care to establish a managed environment that:
- Secures the lowest possible rate of health care associated infection
- Protects patients, staff and visitors from unnecessary risk
The foundations of infection control are built on a number of simple, well-established and provenprecautions. “Standard precautions” encompass the basic principles of infection control that are mandatory in all health-care facilities. Their application extends to every hospitalized patient, regardless of their diagnosis, risk factors and presumed infectious status, to reduce the risk of infectionto patient and staff. Hand hygiene is at the core of standard precautions and is the undisputed single most effective infection control measure. Standard precautions essentially provide a clean environment and promote patient safety.
Vision: Prevention and control of health care associated infections.
- The‘GCC Infection Prevention & Control Manual’ has been formally adopted (Feb 2010) by the Ministry of Health as the national reference guidelines.
- Targeted patient-based proactive surveillance system of health-care-associated infections has been developed in line with the GCC system for surveillance of HAI.
- Infection prevention & control has been introduced for nursesin educational curriculumfor the post-basic diploma
- . Healthcare Worker (HCWs) pre-employment screeningscheme for infectious diseases has been effective since January 2009.
The infection control section is implementing its annual plans to meet the objectives of both the national strategic plan that has been approved by the National Infection Control Committee and the five-year plan of the Ministry of Health.