Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance & Control
Directorate General of Health Affairs Ministry of Health HQ, PO Box 393
PC 100, MUSCAT
Sultanate of Oman
Tel : + (968) 24601921/ 24607524
Fax : + (968) 24601832
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
National HIV/AIDS Control Programme (NAP)
Ever since the surveillance and reporting of cases in Oman was initiated, the Ministry of Health has taken various measures to face this 20thcentury pandemic, keeping in consideration the importance of the involvement of all relevant sectors in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The HIV/AIDS control section was established in 1987 at the DirectorateGeneral of Health Affairs, Ministry of Health in order to plan, implement and evaluate the prevention and control activities against the disease at various levels.
The control of ‘Sexually Transmitted Infections’ (STI) programme established in 1996 was also integrated into the National AIDS Program (NAP).A technical committee for AIDS was established in 1987 that included the representatives from various Government health institutionswith the objective to develop regulations and guidelines in the area of diagnosis and treatment, as well as other technical matters related to HIV/AIDS. It was followed by the establishment of the ‘National Educational Committee for AIDS’ in 1990, which was expanded in 2002 to include a number of representatives from other ministries and relevant organizations. In 2007, the ‘National Strategy for HIV/AIDS’ (2008-2011) was launched with involvement of thirteen ministries and sectors for the formation of plan of action and development of strategies to counter HIV/AIDS in Oman.TheHIV/AIDS/STI Section was expanded to implement its activities to achieve the goals and follow the policies set out by the Ministry of Health towards combating HIV/AIDS.
- Prevention of HIV transmission
- Reduction of the morbidity and mortality associated with HIV infection and AIDS
- Reduction of the impact of HIV infection and AIDS on individuals and their families and communities
- Reduction of the prevalence of STIs and decrease its spread in the community
- Information, Education and Communication (IEC) for prevention of sexually-transmitted diseases, behavioural change and support for other strategies.
- Epidemiological surveillancefor monitoring of HIV prevalence, transmission and trends for planning of interventions
- Blood safetyfor prevention of blood-borne infection transmission
- Case management including clinical support and counselling to reduce the impact thereof.
- Program managementfor efficient implementationof the developed strategies
Services provided by the Ministry of Health for People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)
- Tests for early detection of HIV
- Preventive medicine
- Specialists to follow-up patients
- Medications for treatment of various symptoms
- Patient, family and community education
- Antiretroviral therapy for all eligiblePLWHA
- Counselling services to support PLWHA
Trained counsellors can be found in most government health centres and hospitals in all regions across the Sultanate. He/she is there to discuss with you all issues of concern in complete confidentiality. The counsellor will assist with the following:
- Arrange appointment with the treating physician
- Facilitate any required medical tests to be done
- Facilitate dispensing appropriate medication
- Explain to family members and friends the nature of the disease
- Resolve any problems that may arise at work and stress the importance of confidentiality regarding your status and non-discrimination from your employer
- Ensure you receive all entitlements in terms of social aidfrom ‘Ministry of Social Development’, if necessary
The status of the HIV epidemic in Oman
The first case of AIDS was notified in Oman in 1984. Until 2010, cumulative 2,017 HIV/AIDS cases were on record. Analysis shows that of these 72.4% are males, majority belonging toactive and productive age group of 25-59 years. 17.5% are young adults (15-24 years) while 8.1% are less than 15 years. Cases aliveby end of 2010 were 1,250 (62%).
Before 1995 the, transmission of HIV by blood transmission was 26.4%, Transmission of HIV by blood transfusion is no longer a route of transmission. Among the living cases the known mode of transmission were heterosexual (50.2%), homosexual-bisexual (14.1%), mother-to-child (5.5%), injecting-drug-users (4.5%) and blood transfusion (3.7%).
From July 2009, Oman has initiated offering HIV testing and counselling services to all pregnant women with the objective of preventing vertical transmission by providing treatment and follow-up services. HIV positive patients are treated at 15 different sites all over Oman.Of these 3are in Muscat, which has the highest number of cases seeking treatment as well as availability of tertiary health facilities.
From mid-2007 the Ministry of Health advices, in accordance with WHO recommendations (published later in 2010) that eligible patientswith the CD4 count 350 or lessare put on anti-retro viral drug therapy.
Service provided by the Ministry of Health for People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)
- Tests for early detection of HIV/AIDS
- Counselling services to provide support for PLWHA
- Antiretroviral Therapy for all eligible PLWHA
- Provision of medicine for prevention opportunistic infections.
- Specialists doctors to follow up on patients
- Patient, family and community education
For Further information please call
HIV/AIDS Control Program
Ministry of Health
On this number 24607082